A little biography of Paul Kruger

Cartoon of Paul Kruger to reading the bible

Cartoon of Paul Kruger to reading the bible

Stephanus Johannes Paulus Kruger was a boer man born in 1825 at Bulhoek at the time in the CapeColony. In infancy he only had three months of formal education. In childhood he only read a book, the Bible. Kruger was known by is ability to hunting and horse riding. As a man he had 17 children with is second wife Gezina Du Plessis after is first wife Anna Du Plessis died with only 20 years of age. Kruger begin is military service has a field cornet in the commandos and throughout commandant general of the SouthAfricanRepublic. In 1873 he quit the general commanding of the SouthAfricanRepublic but in 1874 he was elected to the Executive Council and shortly after that he became vice-president of the South African Republic. With the annexing of the Transvaal by the British Empire he became the leader of the resistance. Also in the First Boer War (1880-1881)  he was one of the men who done the negotiation with the British and that together with the decisive Boer victory in Majuba Hill led to the restoration of the independence of the South African Republic. In 1880 he was elected president of the South African Republic post that he occupied four times, thorough the beginning of the Second Boer War in 1899. As president he had a dispute with the opposition which leader was Piet Joubert. Despite of the strong opposition of Joubert and others he beated Joubert in elections in 1883, 1888, 1893 and 1898. In the decade of 90 of the XIX century gold was discovered in the Transvaal. As the number of ‘uitlanders’ (foreigners)  increased, tensions with the British Empire increased. In the 1985 took place the Jameson Raid in which the british, Cecil Rhodes and Leader Jameson try to an insurrection of the british uitlanders in Transvaal to try to get access of the transvaalse gold. The British Raid failed but was an omen to the Second Boer War which started in 1899 and led to the end of the two boer Republics, the Oranje VrijStaat and the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek. In 1899 started the Second Boer War and with the development of the war in May of 1990 he had to flee first for the Portuguese Colony of Moçambique and then for Europe. In 1904 he died in Clarens, Vaud, Switzerland.


Paul Kruger was a man with strong believes and with a great strength. A man who dedicated his life to serve and protect the Boer nation and the Boer people. He is and will continue to be remembered as one of the greatest patriots of the Boer-Afrikaner people.


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One response to “A little biography of Paul Kruger

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